A question I am most often asked is, “What is the best type of paint to use?” In this article I will give an overview on the use of various paints and which to use when. Before beginning the paint discussion, I want to stress that while it is important to use the proper type of paint, it is equally important, if not even more crucial, to properly prepare the areas prior to painting. The preparation process includes scraping away damaged areas, opening up of cracks, removing peeling paint, filling holes and disinfecting from mold. You are then able to proceed with repairing the damaged areas and sanding after the filler dries. Depending on the types of surfaces, it may also be necessary to apply a coat of primer prior to painting. The primer acts as a glue between the surface and the paint. In areas that require priming, it is important to do so to because without it the paint will begin to peel within months. When beginning to paint a room, you will notice that the painter generally starts with the ceiling and then continues with the walls. One of the reasons for doing so is because different types of paint are used.
It is crucial to enable a ceiling to breathe. This allows the moisture in the ceiling, should it exist, to pass in and out of the paint and maintain its stability. If acrylic paint is applied to your ceiling, it will act as a waterproof barrier and cause mold to grow in areas that normally would not be susceptible to a mold problem. Plastic paint will also form bubbles from moisture and, as a result, the paint will blister. Therefore, ceilings should be painted with sid — a lime wash which breathes. The drawback to sid is that it is not washable. If food were to splatter on the ceiling, it is virtually impossible to clean it and it would have to be touched up with the ceiling paint.
Generally you want to use the most washable paint, especially in high traffic areas. However, washable paint only comes in a satin finish (shiny). Some customers do not want to see any sheen on the walls and they will forgo the ability to wash down the walls in order to have a totally matt (flat) finish. Additionally, a satin finish allows you to see imperfections in the walls. If the walls are smooth this will not present a problem. However, if your walls were never finished nicely, it may be a reason to use a flat (not
washable) finish that will hide imperfections.
Doors and Door Jambs
Until just a few years ago, oil paint was the only option. It held up well and was very washable. In recent years, water-based paints have come out to replace the oil paints that are due to be discontinued for health and safety reasons. These paints can be used on both wood and metal doors and can be purchased in a flat
or glossy finish.
Window bars and outside gates and railings should be painted with an anti-rust paint. These paints, when applied properly, should prevent rust for about eight years.
A pergola, wood siding or a wooden deck should be treated with a wood stain that has UV protection. Although local Israeli companies make excellent paint, Walls R Us still prefers the
American brands for their UV protection. Israeli brands seem to last three years while U.S. paints can last between 5-15 years.
If there is a mold problem in a room, it is important to use an anti-mold paint. The anti-mold paints have special chemicals that prevent mold from growing. For anti-mold paint, we find that it is also best to get the brand imported from the USA which has been proven to last for five years without mold. Israeli brands only last up to two years.
This overview gives a summary of the various types of paints available and which ones to use where. We did not discuss any particular brand, as they are, for the most part, quite similar. We do have our preferences and would be happy to answer any specific question you have.