Summer brings with it the possibility to sit in the garden and enjoy the wooden shelter. No pleasure compares to sitting in the yard, with a hot drink or cold juice, observing the established garden and reminiscing happily … but for the pleasure to be complete, there should be a roof covering to block the rays of the sun and create an enjoyable environment for sitting in the shade. The pergola was invented exactly for this purpose – a solution combining protection from the weather with an impressive home improvement.
In recent years, wooden pergolas have become so widespread an item for extending houses and gardens that they appear to be an Israeli solution for everything. But the pergola has a rich history, going back to the Middle Ages.
The root of the word ‘pergola’ is Latin. It means ‘to raise shade’. An earlier example of a pergola was called ‘green tunnels’, which were popular at the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance – leaves of a tree woven with cords, on which climbing plants grew. One of the most extravagant green tunnels can be seen at the Villa Medici in Rome.
While in the 18th and 19th centuries architects preferred the natural appearance of green tunnels, towards the end of the 19th, and the beginning of the 20th centuries, stone pergolas began to appear. Beautiful gardens replete with pergolas can be found at Gardens-of-the-Hill, in Hampstead, London.
WOODEN PERGOLAS INSTEAD OF STONE
Pergolas did not serve only as shelter on the outside of a building, as we understand them today, but also as self-standing structures – thus an area of shade was created under which one could enjoy a good breeze and natural light, without suffering from the direct rays of the sun. Pergolas also facilitate the growing of climbing plants, creating a special, natural appearance.
As pergolas began to become more widespread, and entered into private homes too, the use of wood instead of stone commenced – thus reducing the costs and enabling many to build pampering and fashionable pergolas.
FINDING THE RIGHT TYPE OF WOOD
Wooden pergolas can be built of a range of woods: Pine – helps to construct a delicate appearance; blockwood – for an ethnic appearance; plywood (double/multi-layered) – creates a cleaner and more beautiful appearance.
HAVE YOU DECIDED YOU WANT TO PAMPER YOURSELVES WITH A PERGOLA? HERE ARE SOME TIPS, BEFORE YOU SET OUT:
● Check whether the style of pergola, and the type of construction, require an engineer’s authorization. If so, take into account that this will affect the cost of installation.
● It is recommended to choose wood that has undergone an impregnation process to ensure protection from damage and rot.
● If the pergola comes in regular contact with rain and storm-water, smearing the areas that will get damp with tar is recommended. In addition, it is recommended to get a rain-proof covering. In this way you can sit under the pergola in the winter too.
● Sanding and oiling wooden pergolas with suitable materials, such as Bio-wash products, will preserve their aesthetics and strength for many years.
• Choose a suitable roofing for the pergola. It is important to know that the roofing does not harm the finish. There are several recommended types of roofing: Suntuf ®, bamboo, or use of diagonals and wooden ‘rulers’.
See examples of our work on our website: www.wooden-pergolas.co.il
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